A comprehensive draft document on technical regulations and policy framework that tackles all technical issues on the mass deployment of electric vehicles in Ghana is expected to be ready by the end of this year.
The draft is being spearheaded by the Energy Commission in collaboration with relevant sectors such as Public Utilities Regulatory Commission (PURC).
While Energy Commission works on the technical regulations, PURC would come up with the tariffs.
Electricity consumption for charging the car and the rates to be paid is where PURC which is responsible for economic regulation would negotiate an effective rate of charging.
Energy Minister, Dr Matthew Opoku Prempeh said when the draft is ready, it would be subjected to further scrutiny after which it would be submitted for cabinet approval.
He explained that the approved regulation and policies would outline the rollout plan for the country and that Ghana would adopt and adapt in the mass deployment to fit into the country’s system.
The Minister stated that the mass adoption would be done through the public transport system with more commercial electric vehicles.
Dr. Opoku Prempeh explained that it was not just about bringing the cars, adding that, even ancillary systems and accessories around it must be specified.
The generation and transmission system could experience several problems related to grid loading, the unpredictability of power flows, lack of installed and operational reserve, and changes in marginal generating units and, consequently, in energy prices.
As a result, he said a study on the impact on the national grid would have to be conducted to determine the level of investment needed to make the national grid robust to support mass deployment of electric vehicles.
Charging times, charger compatibility, availability of charging infrastructure, charging station financing and ownership, pricing, charging behavior, grid capacity, renewable energy, and climate mitigation are all key issues to be addressed.